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A compromise was worked out with the central government, and in September 1932 the statute of autonomy for Catalonia became law.

Catalonia played a prominent role in the history of Republican Spain and in the ’s government adopted a repressive policy toward Catalan nationalism.

The establishment of democratic rule in Spain after Franco’s death did not lessen Catalonia’s desire for autonomy, and in September 1977 limited autonomy was granted to the region.

The pro-autonomy party was founded the following year, and it served as the dominant political force in Catalonia over subsequent decades.

Catalonia monopolized trade in the western Mediterranean in the 13th and 14th centuries, and Catalan interests dominated the union with Aragon until 1410, when the male line of the counts of Barcelona became extinct.

Dissatisfaction in Catalonia with the new Trastámara dynasty of Aragon increased after 1412, and during the reign of , along with the decline of the Spanish monarchy’s prestige, led to the first of a series of Catalan separatist movements.

Agriculture accounts for only a tiny fraction of Catalonia’s domestic product, however.

The autonomous community of Catalonia is the richest and most highly industrialized part of Spain.

Framing the contest as a de facto plebiscite on independence, Mas led the Junts pel Sí (“Together for Yes”) alliance that won 62 of the 135 seats in the Catalan parliament.

The antiausterity , which won 10 seats, entered into a coalition with Junts pel Sí to give pro-independence parties a narrow parliamentary majority.

North of the Catalanides is a high tableland that comprises most of prevails throughout most of Catalonia, with hot, dry summers and mild, relatively rainy winters.

The towns of the Catalan coast have dominated the development of the region, with the result that the population is heavily concentrated along the Mediterranean, increasingly depopulating the hinterland.

In the 20th century there was additional concentration of population in the city of Barcelona and its satellite towns.

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